James A. Jacobs's Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils. PDF

By James A. Jacobs

ISBN-10: 1118749243

ISBN-13: 9781118749241

Provides the instruments had to research and remedy acid drainage problems

Featuring contributions from best specialists in technological know-how and engineering, this publication explores the complicated biogeochemistry of acid mine drainage, rock drainage, and acid sulfate soils. It describes tips on how to expect, hinder, and remediate the environmental influence of acid drainage and the oxidation of sulfides, supplying the most recent sampling and analytical tools. additionally, readers will observe new techniques for getting better helpful assets from acid mine drainage, together with bioleaching.

Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils studies the most up-tp-date findings within the box, providing new insights into the underlying factors in addition to new instruments to lessen the damage of acid drainage:

  • Part I: Causes of Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage and Sulfate Soils makes a speciality of the biogeochemistry of acid drainage in numerous environments.
  • Part II: Assessment of...
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    Extra info for Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils. Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation

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    II. , 1936- editor of compilation. III. , editor of compilation. 49–dc23 2013016293 CONTENTS PREFACE CONTRIBUTORS PART I CAUSES OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE, AND SULFATE SOILS 1 Acid Drainage and Sulfide Oxidation: Introduction Introduction Early Earth Atmosphere Acid Drainage Deposits Resources from Acid Drainage Environmental Challenges Future Opportunities References and Suggested Reading 2 Vitriols in Antiquity Introduction Vitriol Terminology Uses for Vitriol References and Suggested Reading 3 Biogeochemistry of Acid Drainage Acid Drainage Overview Geochemistry of Acid Drainage Origin of Pyrite and Sulfur in Rocks and Soils Geochemical Processing and Sulfur in Rocks, Sediments, and Soils Microbiological Biogeochemistry of Acid Mine Drainage Genetic Sequences Microbial Growth Conditions Review of Microbial Processes Microbial Control Review of Naturally Occurring Acid Drainage Geochemistry in Perspective Summary References and Suggested Reading 4 Trace Element Geochemistry and Acid Rock Drainage Introduction Trace element Geology Site Studies Summary References and Suggested Reading 5 The Microbiology of Acid Drainage Role of Microorganisms in the Sulfur Cycle Natural Oxidation in the Sulfur Cycle Natural Reduction in the Sulfur Cycle Other Microorganism Reactions in the Sulfur Cycle References and Suggested Reading 6 Natural Acid Rock Generation, Drainage, and Metal Leaching: Impact on Exploration, Mining, and Reclamation Introduction Acid Rock Drainage Gossan Formation Supergene Mineralization Acid Rock Generation and Drainage Through Time Natural Metal Concentrations Geoenvironmental Models Conclusions References and Suggested Reading 7 The Sulfur Cycle: Acid Drainage and Beyond Some Background And Fundamentals Of Microbial Life Review of the Chemistry of Acid Mine Drainage The Origin and Evolution of Life on Earth Life in The Solar System Synthesis and Conclusions References and Suggested Reading PART II ASSESSMENT OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE, AND SULFATE SOILS 8 Sampling Strategies for Acid Drainage Studies Environmental Site Inspection Decision Units Sampling Strategies Sample Processing Multiple-Increment Sampling Theory Sources of Error References and Suggested Reading 9 Stream Characterization for Acid Mine Drainage Characterizing Streams for Acid Drainage Screening Using Field Kits Flow Measurements Collection and Storage of Water Samples Flow Measurement Examples and Exercises Exercises References and Suggested Reading 10 Overview of Soil and Groundwater Sampling Methods for Acid Drainage Studies Introduction Field Study Methods Well Installation Methods In Situ Remediation Systems References and Suggested Reading 11 Acid Drainage Sampling Design and Sample Preparation Introduction Design and Planning Sample Types and Sample Preparation Data Presentation, Interpretation, and Reporting Qualified Personnel and the Sampling Program Conclusions References and Suggested Reading 12 Acid Drainage and Aquatic Resources Introduction Effect of Acid Mine Drainage on Aquatic Resources Nitrogen and Acid Waters Problems and Questions References and Suggested Reading 13 Metals Associated with Acid Rock Drainage and Their Effect on Fish Health and Ecosystems Introduction Natural Sources of Metals Metal Transport and Cycling Metals Associated with ARD of Interest to Freshwater Fish Health and Ecology Trace Metal Assimilation by Aquatic Organisms Useful Tools in Studies of Trace Metals Conclusions References and Suggested Reading 14 Biological Sampling and Inventory Process Introduction Sampling for Benthic Macroinvertebrates Collecting a Benthic Sample SOS Method Sample Collection Exercise and Evaluation Problems and Questions References and Suggested Reading 15 Acid Rock Drainage as Related to Permafrost, Glaciers, And Climate Change Introduction Acid Rock Drainage and Permafrost Acid Rock Drainage and Retreating Glaciers Acid Rock Drainage and Climate Change Acid Sulfate Soils and Climate Change References and Suggested Reading 16 Acid Sulfate Soils Disturbing Acid Sulfate Soils Acid Sulfate Soils and Global Climate Changes Best Management Practices for Acid Sulfate Soils Summary References and Suggested Reading 17 Prevention of Arsenic Mobilization related to Sulfide Oxidation in Aquifers Introduction Aquifer Management, Pyrite Oxidation, and Arsenic Prevention of Arsenic Mobilization Physical Methods for Removing Oxygen References and Suggested Reading PART III PREDICTION AND PREVENTION OF ACID MINE DRAINAGE, ROCK DRAINAGE, AND SULFATE SOILS 18 Overview of Acid Drainage Prediction and Prevention Introduction Overburden Analysis Static Testing Kinetic Tests Assessment of Acid Rock Drainage and Metals Release Assessment of Waste Materials Water Quality and Acid Mine Drainage: Premine Predictions and Postmine Comparisons Summary Problems and Questions References and Suggested Reading 19 Acid–Base Accounting Associated with Acid Rock Drainage Introduction Neutralization Potential Procedures Acid Generation Potential Procedures Screening Assessment Criteria References and Suggested Reading 20 Acid–Base Accounting Test Procedures Introduction BC Research, Inc.

    3 Humidified air/gas apparatus according to Method 1627. S. 4 Daily monitoring reporting form for use with Method 1627. S. 5 Weekly monitoring reporting form for use with Method 1627. S. ) Guide Cover Table of Contents Preface Part Chapter Pages ix x xi xiii xiv 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 121 120 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 PREFACE Acid drainage is a widespread universal biogeochemical process that has existed on Earth for eons, producing acidic waters rich in sulfuric acid and toxic metals, as well as potential resources.

    7 Schematic diagram of metal uptake, with several scenarios. The shaded area represents the level of total metal in an organism. The long-dashed line represents the level necessary for biological function; the short-dashed line represents a toxic level. The arrow size represents the relative rate of movement. Scenario: (a) No anthropogenic metals present; organism is maintaining appropriate levels of metals. (b) Anthropogenic metals present but sequestered adequately. (c) Anthropogenic metals uptake outpacing sequestration; total level approaching toxic levels.

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    Acid Mine Drainage, Rock Drainage, and Acid Sulfate Soils. Causes, Assessment, Prediction, Prevention, and Remediation by James A. Jacobs


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