By David Samuels
This publication explores the translation of politicians' occupation targets. individuals search to win repeated reelection, within the U.S. apartment of Representatives and political scientists have assumed that reelection motivates politicians all over. despite the fact that, politicians in Brazil see the nationwide legislature as a stepping-stone to "higher" place of work, in kingdom and/or neighborhood govt. Making the perfect assumption approximately politicians' occupation ambitions leads to a greater realizing of the political tactics. This ebook improves on earlier "rational selection" analyses by means of learning political occupation ambitions and exploring real-world implications.
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Extra resources for Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil
Finally, I assume that political careers – whether within or outside of legislatures – are hierarchical: a set of ofﬁce beneﬁts makes certain organized or sequenced career paths possible. The analyst must thus discern the “rungs” on the career ladder by describing the costs, beneﬁts, and probabilities of seeking various political ofﬁces and then explaining the hierarchy of career paths that emerge, moving from the lowerrung ofﬁces to the top-of-the-ladder ofﬁces. In short, ambition theory guides research into political careers by focusing research on the relative costs, beneﬁts, and probabilities politicians associate with different political jobs.
Bn } is the set of expected beneﬁts of each ofﬁce in the political system,16 if Bn ≥ · · · ≥ B1 for all politicians, then it follows that a politician would always take a more attractive ofﬁce if it were offered without cost or risk (Rohde 1979, 3). Finally, I assume that political careers – whether within or outside of legislatures – are hierarchical: a set of ofﬁce beneﬁts makes certain organized or sequenced career paths possible. The analyst must thus discern the “rungs” on the career ladder by describing the costs, beneﬁts, and probabilities of seeking various political ofﬁces and then explaining the hierarchy of career paths that emerge, moving from the lowerrung ofﬁces to the top-of-the-ladder ofﬁces.
Thus, despite Vargas’ efforts from 1930–45 to centralize and nationalize politics and his creation of ostensibly “national” 43 44 See for example, Skidmore (1967), Wirth (1970), Sola (1987), Levine (1970). ). 30 Ambition, Federalism, and Politics in Brazil parties in 1945, political elites retained their state-based political allegiances throughout his reign and into Brazil’s ﬁrst democratic period (Camargo 1993; Campello de Souza 1994). 1964–85: Federalism and Military Rule. Like Vargas, the military commanders who took power in 1964 also failed to dramatically transform the nature of Brazilian federalism because they also failed to transform the Brazilian political elite’s organizational structure, based on state politics (Hagopian 1996; Abrucio and Samuels 1997).
Ambition, Federalism, and Legislative Politics in Brazil by David Samuels