By Maria T. Baldwin
Akira Iriye challenged historians to affix political scientists within the learn of overseas non-governmental corporations, announcing in worldwide group (2002) that this research offers a clean viewpoint at the evolution of diplomacy and allows us to reconceptualize smooth international heritage. Baldwin s examine takes in this problem arguing that Amnesty foreign has performed a awesome position in shaping U.S. international coverage. Her learn finds that the policymaking setting has been, partially, re-shaped by way of the paintings of Amnesty foreign, therefore our realizing of the policymaking technique will be more suitable by way of incorporating reports of INGOs and the importance of soppy strength into our coverage stories.
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Additional resources for Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China
AI has been the sole focus of at least four books but has also been prominently featured in studies of INGOs as well. The first book dedicated exclusively to AI was an account of its early history by Egon Larsen entitled A Flame in Barbed Wire: The Story of Amnesty International. S. Foreign Policy and, just as the title suggests, Larsen’s book covered the history of AI from its creation through its receipt of the Nobel Peace Prize. Larsen’s book was in a sense an unauthorized biography because he was given no special access to AI’s files although he did interview the founder and others in the organization.
All of the three case studies will be presented in two chapters each; the first will focus on the human rights situation within the country and the next will document AI’s response to those conditions— both toward the violating government and the United States. In addition, the impact of strengthening international human rights laws will be analyzed. A brief note on sources should be made at this time. AI has a number of archives which house both its public and private documents. Its public documents consist of thousands of press releases; reports and the like and are available both on the internet as well as in archives in Amsterdam, London, Boulder CO, and several other repositories.
In 1982 there were only 28 missions, by 1992 that number had increased to 94 and by 1998 AI sent out a total of 141 missions all over the world. The purpose of these missions varied but they normally were conducted to investigate alleged human rights violations, to collect information, talk with governments, observe trials, or attend intergovernmental meetings. As a result of these missions AI could report on observed facts rather than depending solely upon informants or media accounts, ensuring the information it reported was as accurate as possible.
Amnesty International and U.S. foreign policy : human rights campaigns in Guatemala, the United States, and China by Maria T. Baldwin