By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams
A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication
A preferable mound website deals a wealth of fundamental information on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.the most important prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It used to be first recorded in August 1739 by way of basic James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an day trip to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote widely of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity via Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, quite of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological value of the site.
Professional excavations begun at Ocmulgee in 1933 lower than the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations persisted less than a number of sponsorships until eventually December 1936, whilst the locality was once officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth resort, and funeral mound published an career of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be chanced on to comprise log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items integrated uniquely patterned copper sunlight disks that have been stumbled on at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer website in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been validated as contemporaries.
In this vintage paintings of archaeological study and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire remedy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally comparable them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.
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Additional info for Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia
2 and 3, Plate IV-A). Among. the relics found in the vicinity of this old, artificially-compressed skull, was a total absence of European ornaments. Here we have an interesting demonstration of the fact that these ancient tumuli were in turn used by tribes who perhaps had no knowledge the one of the other. The flattened and distorted skull belongs to the mound-building people to whose industry the erection of these tumuli is to be referred. It was in perpetuation arid in honor of such primal sepulture that this mound was heaped up.
Their old fields and planting lands extend up and down the river, fifteen or twenty miles from this site. If we can give credit to the account the Creeks give of themselves, this place is remarkable for being the first town or settlement, when they sat down (as they term it) or established themselves, after their migration from the west, beyond the Mississippi, their original native country. (Bartram, 1791, pp. ) 1 6 For correlation with modern nomenclature, see p. 16. Several other references of a literary nature are found, but nothing important is added until Charles C.
It has temple mounds, earth lodges as auxiliary ceremonial buildings, plain grit or shell-tempered pottery of the round base Mississippian type, shell ornaments, and a variety of special traits that both link it with the Norris Basin sites and Hiwassee Island sites of eastern Tennesee. It is the earliest representative of Mississippian cultures in central Georgia and evidently Ocmulgee marks the spot where some of the earliest bearers of this complex established a fortified town. It also contains a few elements of the Southern Cult (forked eye, bilobed spud, conch cup) and other elements that may be ancestral to the Cult.
Archeology of the Funeral Mound: Ocmulgee National Monument, Georgia by Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams