By The United States Army
With a purpose to be a reliable soldier or comprehend infantrymen, you'll want to relish terrain. not only examine a panorama and say "gosh that is pretty", yet comprehend the consequences of ridgelines, intervisibility strains, the impression of terrain on stream, suitability of terrain for various purposes, traces of sight, and so forth and are aware of it in a really visceral manner, not only as educational topics. And to appreciate land navigation, map studying is a sine qua non.
Land navigation is a necessary step in figuring out terrain. utilizing compass, maps, protractors, pencils, and the land itself to determine the place you're, the place you must be, and the way to get there (or the place you do not need to be and the way to prevent it), are the elemental instruments and initiatives of land navigation, and the strategies and highbrow ability required are addressed during this book.
Reading either the textual details on maps and making feel of the visible info on maps is mentioned at size, yet has to be, to supply the neccessary heritage info for land navigation.
As a lot as this can be an important ability for squaddies, this can be a necessary ability for figuring out a soldier's global view. for instance, an anthorpologist learning the military, a member of the Air strength or army operating with the military, or chief in a humanitarian association operating with the military would get advantages from an invaluable set of talents that sheds gentle on a soldier's international view.
I am, notwithstanding, burdened. i used to be lower than the influence that this version of "Map analyzing and Land Navigation" used to be limited and never for unencumber to the overall public... N. B. All details during this overview is usual to previous, unrestricted types of this manual.
E.M. Van Court
P.S. worldwide Positioning method (GPS) is addressed. this can be the final element of land nav that anybody should still research, and the pencil, paper, protractor, and compass could be mastered ahead of touched this sort of devices.
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Extra resources for Army Field Manual FM 3-25.26 (U.S. Army Map Reading and Land Navigation Handbook)
Then by referring to the east-west grid lines numbered at either side of the map, move UP to the east-west grid line that precedes the desired point (these two digits are the UP reading). Coordinate 1484 locate the 1,000-meter grid square in which point X is located; the next square to the right would be 1584; the next square up would be 1485, and so forth (Figure 4-15). Locate the point to the nearest 100 meters using estimation. Mentally divide the grid square in tenths, estimate the distance from the grid line to the point in the same order (RIGHT and UP).
NOTE: When computing formulas, round off totals to the nearest whole number in step 2. In step 3, convert the fraction to seconds by multiplying the fraction by 60 and rounding off if the total is not a whole number. i. The maps made by some nations do not have their longitude values based on the prime meridian that passes through Greenwich, England. Table 4-1, on page 4-10, shows the prime meridians that may be used by other nations. When these maps are issued to our soldiers, a note usually appears in the marginal information giving the difference between our prime meridian and the one used on the map.
However, the British grid systems are being phased out. Eventually all military mapping will be converted to the UTM grid. b. World Geographic Reference System (GEOREF). This system is a worldwide position reference system used primarily by the US Air Force. It may be used with any map or chart that has latitude and longitude printed on it. Instructions for using GEOREF data are printed in blue and are found in the margin of aeronautical charts (Figure 4-24, page 4-26). This system is based upon a division of the earth's surface into quadrangles of latitude and longitude having a systematic identification code.
Army Field Manual FM 3-25.26 (U.S. Army Map Reading and Land Navigation Handbook) by The United States Army