By Jeff Kinard
Artillery: An Illustrated historical past of Its effect charts the improvement of enormous, crew-operated battlefield guns from the dart firers and catapults of the traditional international to the discovery of gunpowder in China and its purposes in medieval Europe, and from the emergence of naval and land gunnery 4 centuries in the past to the newest rapid-fire, rocket propulsion, laser assistance, and antiaircraft technologies.
Written via a professional on army history,Artillery explores the technological and strategic techniques that experience made those guns more and more powerful at breaking via fortifications, causing casualties from a secure distance, delivering hide for advancing forces, demoralizing competitors, and protecting positions from assault. past the battlefield, the e-book additionally appears to be like on the effect of artillery on historical past and at the lives of civilians in addition to soldiers.
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Extra resources for Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare)
Although a Greek and well known as a historian, Arrian was a close friend of the emperor Hadrian (r. AD 117–138), a consul, and served as the Roman governor of Cappadocia. In that capacity, in AD 134 he also exhibited his considerable military skills as he successfully led two legions—the Legio XV Apollinaris and the Legio XII Fulminata—against the Alans, a nomadic tribe from the northern steppes sometimes referred to by the Romans as the Scythians. Arrian formed his two legions into a crescent-shaped battle line with its flanks arcing toward the expected assault.
Despite all precautions, bombards and other early cannons had a tendency to burst if overheated. During the first half of the fourteenth century, gun foundries produced both breech- and, to a lesser extent, muzzleloading brass and wrought iron guns. Inasmuch as the early cannon founders found it difficult to plug the breech of the gun tubes satisfactorily, they most typically incorporated an open space at the rear of the tube to accept removable, wrought or cast iron cylindrical or bottle-shaped powder chambers.
Consequently, many found muzzleloading cannon more efficient in chambering larger caliber ammunition. Still, foundries did produce large breechloaders with screw-on powder chambers. Early fourteenth-century cannons were not mounted on carriages but transported by horse- or ox-drawn wagons to the field and then secured to wooden frameworks erected on site. This lack of mobility 35 36 ARTILLERY was not considered an overwhelming disadvantage at the time; however, as artillery was essentially limited to siege craft.
Artillery: An Illustrated History of Its Impact (Weapons and Warfare) by Jeff Kinard