By James Kennaway
Tune has been used as a medication for ailment because way back to King David's lyre, however the concept that it would be a significant reason for psychological and actual affliction was once infrequent until eventually the past due eighteenth century. at the moment, physicians began to argue that over the top tune, or the incorrect form of tune, may perhaps over-stimulate a weak apprehensive approach, resulting in disorder, immorality or even demise. on account that then there were successive waves of ethical panics approximately intended epidemics of musical anxiety, as a result of every little thing from Wagner to jazz and rock 'n' roll. It used to be this scientific and important debate that supplied the psychiatric rhetoric of "degenerate song" that used to be the explanation for the persecution of musicians in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. by way of the Nineteen Fifties, the focal point of clinical nervousness approximately tune shifted to the concept that "musical brainwashing" and "subliminal messages" may perhaps pressure the nerves and result in brain regulate, psychological disorder and suicide. extra lately, the superiority of sonic guns and using track in torture within the so-called warfare on Terror have either made the topic of tune that's undesirable for the well-being worryingly topical. This publication outlines and explains the advance of this concept of pathological track from the Enlightenment until eventually the current day, supplying an unique contribution to the background of drugs, track and the physique.
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Additional resources for Bad Vibrations. The History of the Idea of Music as a Cause of Disease
In much Enlightenment musical aesthetics, this shift had been linked to materialist theories of music as a form of nervous stimulation, albeit in the context of refinement and sensibility. The advent of Idealist musical aesthetics after Kant changed all that by asserting that serious music was a question of the disinterested appreciation of form by a transcendental, quasi-disembodied listening subject. 5 This division would eventually lead to the suggestion certain genres and styles were especially pathological.
Bynum and Roy Porter (eds), Brunonianism in Britain and Europe (London, 1988); John Thomson, An Account of the Life, Lectures and Writings of William Cullen (Edinburgh, 1859), p. 455; John Neubauer, ‘Dr. John Brown (1735–1788) and Early German Romanticism’, Journal of the History of Ideas, 28 (1967): 67–82. 50 ‘Brunonianism’, as his school of medicine became known, took the stimulation paradigm of the aetiology of disease to extremes, arguing that nervous under- or over-stimulation was at the root of all illness.
Barker-Benfield, The Culture of Sensibility: Sex and Society in Eighteenth Century Britain (Chicago, IL, 1992). ), Empfindsamkeit, Band II: Quellen und Dokumente (Stuttgart, 1980); Maxine Berg and Elizabeth Eger (eds), Luxury in the Eighteenth Century: Debates, Desires and Delectable Goods (Basingstoke, 2002). 43 Anne C. Vila, ‘Beyond Sympathy: Vapors, Melancholia, the Pathologies of Sensibility in Tissot and Rousseau’, Yale French Studies, 92 (1997): 88–101; Maurice William Cranston, The Solitary Self: Jean-Jacques Rousseau in Exile and Adversity (Chicago, IL, 1997), pp.
Bad Vibrations. The History of the Idea of Music as a Cause of Disease by James Kennaway