By J. Heather Cullen
Provides the existence and profession of the geneticist who in 1983 used to be provided the Nobel Prize for her learn of maize cells.
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Additional resources for Barbara McClintock: Geneticist (Women in Science)
New and exciting discoveries in genetics and heredity were being published almost daily. The area of study now referred to as genetics had begun about 50 years earlier with the work of an obscure Czechoslovakian priest, Gregor Mendel. GREGOR MENDEL Gregor Johann Mendel was born on July 22, 1822 in Hyncice, Moravia—in what is now the Czech Republic. He was the son of a poor farmer and attended the local schools. He was ordained a priest on August 6, 1847 and thought that he was destined to become a teacher in the Augustinian Order of Monks.
When McClintock was born, American women did not have the right to vote. That right was finally granted—thanks mainly to women like Lucy Burns, one of McClintock’s teachers at Erasmus— in 1920, with the ratification of the 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution. The unconventional, independent, self-reliant McClintock took to the new times like a fish in water. Before any other girl on campus, she had her long hair cut into a layered pageboy, “bobbed,” style. She smoked cigarettes in public.
He was also the first to show that physical objects on chromosomes — later called genes — were real. It was because of Morgan’s compelling recommendation to the Rockefeller Foundation that McClintock received a grant to continue her research after she left Cornell; it was also Morgan who urged McClintock and Creighton to publish their important early paper on genetic crossover in 1931. Early Work at Cornell: 1918 –1927 professor of biology at Bryn Mawr College for Women, where he stayed until 1904, when he became a professor of Experimental Zoology at Columbia University in New York.
Barbara McClintock: Geneticist (Women in Science) by J. Heather Cullen