By Jing Ba
Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, tools and purposes is predicated at the box study performed over the last decade by means of an authoring group of 5 of the world’s best geoscientists.
In fresh years, the exploration objectives of worlds oil businesses became extra advanced. The direct detection of hydrocarbons in keeping with seismic wave information in heterogeneous oil/gas reservoirs has turn into a scorching spot within the examine of utilized and exploration geophysics. The appropriate theories, methods and purposes, which the authors have labored on for years and feature verified mature technical tactics for business software, are of vital aspiring to the extra learn and perform of engineers, researchers and scholars in comparable sector.
- Authored by way of a group of geophysicists in and academia with a number of box, guideline, and study adventure in hydrocarbon exploration
- Nearly 2 hundred figures, photos, and illustrations relief within the knowing of the basic thoughts and techniques
- Presents the newest learn in wave propagation idea, unconventional assets, experimental learn, multi-component seismic processing and imaging, rock physics modeling and quantitative seismic interpretation
- Sophisticated method of learn systematically types an business paintings circulation for geoscience and engineering practice
Read or Download Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications PDF
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Extra resources for Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications
In the dynamic saturation experiments, water is injected into the sample with an injection rate of 10 mL/day. In the quasi-static saturation experiments, the samples are saturated during a long period of time (up to 2 weeks) under reduced pressure in order to achieve near-isotropic fluid distribution for a given saturation level. A less than 1% difference in velocities measured in different directions indicates that fluid is uniformly distributed within the sample. 4). Scans 1–4 show the fluid distribution with increasing water saturation up to 50%.
Acoustic monitoring of core flooding experiments reveals complex velocity-saturation relations (VSR) and a ttenuation–saturation relations (ASR). , 2014). Strongest changes are observed near the injection well. , 2006). Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs. 00003-9 Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. , 2012) are possibly caused by patchy saturation. Direct observations of fluid patches at the field scale are difficult to obtain. However, indirect evidence comes from flow simulations.
These laboratory evidences show that, estimates of attenuation and phase velocity are affected by the distribution of immiscible fluids. , 2014). In these experiments, measurements of P-wave velocities and X-ray CT imaging is utilized to get a deeper insight into the factors influencing the patch distribution and the associated wave response. Lei and Xue (2009) injected (gaseous and supercritical) CO2 into a water-saturated sandstone under controlled pressure and temperature conditions and monitored the saturation dependence of P-wave velocity and attenuation using a sensor array of ultrasonic transducers.
Seismic Exploration of Hydrocarbons in Heterogeneous Reservoirs: New Theories, Methods and Applications by Jing Ba